He Greek words “helios” meaning “sun” and “tropein” meaning “to turn,” indicating that the CYP11 Formulation flowers and leaves turn toward the sun and generally known as the “Indian turnsole” . It is actually also known as Eliopia riparia Raf., Eliopia serrata Raf., Heliophytum indicum (L.) DC., Heliotropium africanum Schumach. onn., Heliotropium cordifolium Moench, Heliotropium foetidum Salisb., Heliotropium horminifolium Mill., and Tiaridium indicum (L.) Lehm. H. indicum is distributed all through Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, ailand, India, and also other regions of tropical Asia and in some parts of Africa . H. indicum is really a tiny annual or perennial herb with a height of about 150 cm in length, with all the leaves normally opposite, plus the stem and root covered by a hairy layer . Flowering time is about the whole year, and flowers are calyx green; the fruits are dried and consist of 2 cost-free or almost totally free nutlets in four mm lengthy . Traditionally, this plant is widely employed against lots of pathological issues such as wound healing, antidote, bone fracture, febrifuge, cures eye infection, menstrual disorder, nerve disorder, kidney dilemma, and antiseptic goal . H. indicum contains quite a few essential phytochemicals for instance tannins, saponins, steroids, oils, and glycosides [12,15]. Schoental  and Hartmann and Ober  isolated pyrrolizidine alkaloids (e.g., indicine N-oxide, heliotrine, etc.) from this plant. Scientific reports recommend that H. indicum possesses many essential pharmacological activities, including antiinflammatory , wound-healing , anticancer , and anticataract activities . is assessment aims to show the current situation on the ethnomedicinal, phytochemical, and pharmacological profiles of H. indicum.three. Plant MorphologyH. indicum is definitely an erect, thick fetid, annual or perennial herb with hirsute ascending branches, reaching amongst 20 and 60 cm in height . e leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, alternate or sub-alternate and straight forward, sheet-shaped from ovate to elliptical, hairy, and sharp and 50 cm extended. e margins of the leaves are undulate; the nerves present on both sides are serrulate or cordate and clearly visible below the leaves . e petiole is about 1 cm lengthy, when the flowers progress apically within the cymose; at maturity, nutlets are present at the base with the inflorescence. Commonly, flowers are white or whitish violet in color, standard, sessile, axillary, and practically 5 mm in diameter. Sepals are diffused with hairs outdoors, deep green in color, linear to lanceolate, uneven or unequal, and about 5 mm lengthy. e fruits are dry and 2 lobed, with or without having united nutlets, and 3 mm long. is species grows in sunny locations preferring heights about 800 m . Botanical descriptions of H. indicum are given in Table 1.4. Methodologye literature search was performed employing the databases: Google Scholar, Scopus, SpringerLink, Internet of Science, ScienceDirect, ResearchGate, PubMed, ChemSpider, Elsevier, BioMed Central, and USPTO, CIPO, INPI, Google Patents, and Espacenet. e scientific databases had been chosen depending on the topic covered (i.e., ethnobotany, ethnomedicinal makes use of, ethnoAChE list pharmacology, pharmacology, phytochemistry, and therapeutic worth) and geographical coverage (i.e., Asia and Africa). e frequent keyword “Heliotropium indicum” was utilized to search published supplies, which was then paired with “traditional utilizes,” “ethnopharmacology,” “phytochemistry,” “pharmacology,” and “toxicity.” Other literature sources included papers p.